Covid Prison Data

On April 10, a team of data scientists, criminologists, and law professors began a concerted effort to gather data to learn more about how incarcerated people and correctional staff are being affected by Covid-19. High-quality data are critical to provide transparency so advocates, experts, and government officials can be informed by the best information available. Here, data produced by states are integrated into one resource to facilitate access, a comparative perspective, and analysis. This is a work in progress and we appreciate feedback and suggestions.

While we have made every effort to ensure that the information scraped is accurate and updated every day, there are the following caveats. First, not all state DOC’s update their information every day or even every business day. As a result, while the scraper for data pertaining to Covid-19 is run daily, the data retrieved by the scraper may not reflect daily changes. We have endeavored to mark those departments that indicate they do not update their dashboards daily.

This site offers the following data (some states have less data available than the variables below):

Figure 1. A State-Level Map of the USA Showing 1) Positive COVID-19 Tests Among Incarcerated People and Correctional Staff, and 2) Intensive Care Unit Beds

Figure 2. Reported Positive COVID-19 Tests Among Incarcerated People and Correctional Staff by State, From Highest to Lowest Total Number of Reported Positive Tests

Figure 3. Reported Deaths by COVID-19 Among Incarcerated People and Correctional Staff by State, From Highest to Lowest Total Number of Reported Deaths

Table 1. Reported COVID-19 Positive Tests and Deaths Among People Incarcerated, by State

# of Incarcerated
People Positive
% of Incarcerated
People Positive1
# of Incarcerated
People Dead
% of Incarcerated
People Dead
# of Incarcerated
People Tested
% of Incarcerated
People Tested
Alabama 100 0.37 0 0.00 0 0.00
Alaska 2 0.05 1,376 31.42
Arizona 557 1.33 5 0.01 4,455 10.61
Arkansas 697 3.92 7,033 39.51
California 6,340 4.93 35 0.03 0 0.00
Colorado 632 3.10 3 0.01 9,516 46.71
Connecticut 13 0.10
Delaware 147 2.42 0 0.00 0 0.00
District of Columbia 207 11.56 1 0.06
Federal BOP 2,967 1.65 93 0.05 0 0.00
Florida 29 0.03 29 0.03
Georgia 790 1.47 24 0.04 0 0.00
Hawaii 0 0.00 0 0.00 24 0.45
Idaho 92 1.06
Illinois 337 0.84 0 0.00 0 0.00
Indiana 728 2.71 17 0.06 2,034 7.57
Iowa 187 1.99 0 0.00 3,829 40.65
Kansas 910 8.91 4 0.04 0 0.00
Louisiana 662 2.04 16 0.05 0 0.00
Maine 4 0.16 1,139 46.97
Maryland 1,254 6.65 15 0.08 37,942 201.22
Massachusetts 397 4.57 0 0.00 7,384 84.95
Mississippi 83 0.43 0 0.00 0 0.00
Montana 5 0.13 2,098 55.72
Nebraska 1 0.02
New Hampshire 1 0.04 0 0.00 43 1.57
New Jersey 2,892 14.94 49 0.25 0 0.00
New York 545 1.17 16 0.03
North Carolina 1,045 2.99 0 0.00 8,427 24.15
North Dakota 0 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00
Ohio 5,076 10.07 76 0.15 16,557 32.83
Oklahoma 9 0.03 3,807 13.74
Oregon 315 2.06 0 0.00 1,462 9.58
Pennsylvania 292 0.62 10 0.02 0 0.00
Puerto Rico 0 0.00
Rhode Island 6 0.22
South Carolina 426 2.24 0 0.00 0 0.00
South Dakota 4 0.10 0 0.00 0 0.00
Tennessee 13 0.05 4 0.02 23,353 88.72
Texas 3,745 2.29 0 0.00 0 0.00
Utah 37 0.56 0 0.00 566 8.51
Virginia 1,530 4.17 11 0.03 0 0.00
West Virginia 0 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00
Wisconsin 284 1.18 0 0.00 17,594 73.11
Total 33,361 2.34 408 0.03 148,639 22.72

1 Prison population data is number of people incarcerated on December 31st, 2018. Source: Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) Prisoners in 2018 Report

Table 2. Available State-Level Data

Table 3. Available Facility-Level Data

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