Covid Prison Data

On April 10, a team of data scientists, criminologists, and law professors began a concerted effort to gather data to learn more about how incarcerated people and correctional staff are being affected by Covid-19. High-quality data are critical to provide transparency so advocates, experts, and government officials can be informed by the best information available. Here, data produced by states are integrated into one resource to facilitate access, a comparative perspective, and analysis. This is a work in progress and we appreciate feedback and suggestions.

While we have made every effort to ensure that the information scraped is accurate and updated every day, there are the following caveats. First, not all state DOC’s update their information every day or even every business day. As a result, while the scraper for data pertaining to Covid-19 is run daily, the data retrieved by the scraper may not reflect daily changes. We have endeavored to mark those departments that indicate they do not update their dashboards daily.

This site offers the following data (some states have less data available than the variables below):

Figure 1. A State-Level Map of the USA Showing 1) Positive COVID-19 Tests Among Incarcerated People and Correctional Staff, and 2) Intensive Care Unit Beds

Figure 2. Reported Positive COVID-19 Tests Among Incarcerated People and Correctional Staff by State, From Highest to Lowest Total Number of Reported Positive Tests

Figure 3. Reported Deaths by COVID-19 Among Incarcerated People and Correctional Staff by State, From Highest to Lowest Total Number of Reported Deaths

Table 1. Reported COVID-19 Positive Tests and Deaths Among People Incarcerated, by State

# of Incarcerated
People Positive
% of Incarcerated
People Positive1
# of Incarcerated
People Dead
% of Incarcerated
People Dead
# of Incarcerated
People Tested
% of Incarcerated
People Tested
Alabama 12 0.04 1 0.00 156 0.58
Alaska 2 0.05 506 11.55
Arizona 182 0.43 3 0.01 1,132 2.69
Arkansas 13 0.07
California 1,377 1.07 9 0.01 0 0.00
Colorado 600 2.95 2 0.01 3,481 17.09
Connecticut 853 6.23 7 0.05
Delaware 9 0.15 0 0.00 0 0.00
District of Columbia 205 11.45 1 0.06
Federal BOP 1,468 0.82 66 0.04 0 0.00
Florida 1,495 1.53 0 0.00 0 0.00
Georgia 419 0.78 17 0.03 0 0.00
Hawaii 0 0.00 0 0.00 10 0.19
ICE 1,405 5.03 0 0.00 0 0.00
Idaho 0 0.00 52 0.60
Illinois 219 0.55 0 0.00 0 0.00
Indiana 685 2.55 16 0.06 1,414 5.26
Iowa 23 0.24 0 0.00 1,180 12.53
Kansas 870 8.51 4 0.04 0 0.00
Kentucky 363 1.55 2 0.01 0 0.00
Louisiana 533 1.65 14 0.04 0 0.00
Maine 4 0.16 708 29.20
Maryland 143 0.76 6 0.03 0 0.00
Massachusetts 385 4.43 0 0.00 5,510 63.39
Michigan 3,611 9.32 63 0.16 37,915 97.82
Minnesota 124 1.23 0 0.00 2,455 24.30
Mississippi 28 0.15 0 0.00 0 0.00
Missouri 46 0.15 1 0.00 2,374 7.82
Montana 2 0.05 21 0.56
Nebraska 1 0.02
Nevada 5 0.04 0 0.00 0 0.00
New Hampshire 1 0.04 0 0.00 20 0.73
New Jersey 1,673 8.64 46 0.24 0 0.00
New Mexico 41 0.58 0 0.00 0 0.00
New York 499 1.07 16 0.03
North Carolina 652 1.87 0 0.00 1,408 4.03
North Dakota 3 0.18 0 0.00 0 0.00
Ohio 4,732 9.38 71 0.14 9,681 19.20
Oklahoma 2 0.01 1,586 5.72
Oregon 157 1.03 0 0.00 591 3.87
Pennsylvania 245 0.52 6 0.01 0 0.00
Puerto Rico 0 0.00
Rhode Island 4 0.14
South Carolina 84 0.44 0 0.00 0 0.00
South Dakota 3 0.08 0 0.00 0 0.00
Tennessee 6 0.02 4 0.02 20,817 79.09
Virginia 1,189 3.24 7 0.02 0 0.00
Washington 47 0.24 0 0.00 0 0.00
West Virginia 116 1.71 0 0.00 0 0.00
Wisconsin 247 1.03 0 0.00 3,577 14.86
Total 24,783 1.84 362 0.02 94,594 9.33

1 Prison population data is number of people incarcerated on December 31st, 2018. Source: Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) Prisoners in 2018 Report

Table 2. Available State-Level Data

Table 3. Available Facility-Level Data

Reuse

Text and figures are licensed under Creative Commons Attribution CC BY-NC 4.0. The figures that have been reused from other sources don't fall under this license and can be recognized by a note in their caption: "Figure from ...".