Covid Prison Data

On April 10, a team of data scientists, criminologists, and law professors began a concerted effort to gather data to learn more about how incarcerated people and correctional staff are being affected by Covid-19. High-quality data are critical to provide transparency so advocates, experts, and government officials can be informed by the best information available. Here, data produced by states are integrated into one resource to facilitate access, a comparative perspective, and analysis. This is a work in progress and we appreciate feedback and suggestions.

While we have made every effort to ensure that the information scraped is accurate and updated every day, there are the following caveats. First, not all state DOC’s update their information every day or even every business day. As a result, while the scraper for data pertaining to Covid-19 is run daily, the data retrieved by the scraper may not reflect daily changes. We have endeavored to mark those departments that indicate they do not update their dashboards daily.

This site offers the following data (some states have less data available than the variables below):

Figure 1. A State-Level Map of the USA Showing 1) Positive COVID-19 Tests Among Incarcerated People and Correctional Staff, and 2) Intensive Care Unit Beds

Figure 2. Reported Positive COVID-19 Tests Among Incarcerated People and Correctional Staff by State, From Highest to Lowest Total Number of Reported Positive Tests

Figure 3. Reported Deaths by COVID-19 Among Incarcerated People and Correctional Staff by State, From Highest to Lowest Total Number of Reported Deaths

Table 1. Reported COVID-19 Positive Tests and Deaths Among People Incarcerated, by State

# of Incarcerated
People Positive
% of Incarcerated
People Positive1
# of Incarcerated
People Dead
% of Incarcerated
People Dead
# of Incarcerated
People Tested
% of Incarcerated
People Tested
Alabama 99 0.37 0 0.00 0 0.00
Alaska 4 0.09 1,355 30.94
Arizona 530 1.26 5 0.01 4,271 10.17
Arkansas 697 3.92 7,033 39.51
California 5,747 4.47 31 0.02 0 0.00
Colorado 630 3.09 3 0.01 9,293 45.62
Connecticut 13 0.10
Delaware 122 2.01 0 0.00 0 0.00
District of Columbia 207 11.56 1 0.06
Federal BOP 2,322 1.29 92 0.05 0 0.00
Florida 28 0.03 28 0.03
Georgia 750 1.40 24 0.04 0 0.00
Hawaii 0 0.00 0 0.00 25 0.47
Idaho 618 7.13
Illinois 337 0.84 0 0.00 0 0.00
Indiana 728 2.71 17 0.06 2,034 7.57
Iowa 63 0.67 0 0.00 2,790 29.62
Kansas 910 8.91 4 0.04 0 0.00
Louisiana 652 2.01 16 0.05 0 0.00
Maine 4 0.16 1,115 45.98
Maryland 1,238 6.57 15 0.08 38,214 202.66
Massachusetts 397 4.57 0 0.00 7,384 84.95
Michigan 7,600 19.61 136 0.35 75,142 193.86
Minnesota 763 7.55 4 0.04 30,086 297.85
Mississippi 82 0.43 0 0.00 0 0.00
Montana 3 0.08 760 20.19
Nebraska 1 0.02
Nevada 30 0.22 0 0.00 0 0.00
New Hampshire 1 0.04 0 0.00 42 1.53
New Jersey 2,836 14.65 46 0.24 0 0.00
New York 543 1.16 16 0.03
North Carolina 911 2.61 0 0.00 6,513 18.66
North Dakota 1 0.06 0 0.00 0 0.00
Ohio 5,059 10.03 76 0.15 16,086 31.90
Oklahoma 9 0.03 3,698 13.35
Oregon 192 1.26 0 0.00 1,259 8.25
Pennsylvania 285 0.60 10 0.02 0 0.00
Puerto Rico 0 0.00
Rhode Island 6 0.22
South Carolina 370 1.94 0 0.00 0 0.00
South Dakota 4 0.10 0 0.00 0 0.00
Tennessee 11 0.04 4 0.02 23,352 88.72
Texas 3,232 1.98 0 0.00 0 0.00
Utah 37 0.56 0 0.00 566 8.51
Vermont 47 2.83 0 0.00 1,380 83.18
Virginia 1,518 4.14 11 0.03 0 0.00
West Virginia 0 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00
Wisconsin 283 1.18 0 0.00 17,381 72.23
Wyoming 0 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00
Total 39,920 2.74 539 0.03 249,779 32.58

1 Prison population data is number of people incarcerated on December 31st, 2018. Source: Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) Prisoners in 2018 Report

Table 2. Available State-Level Data

Table 3. Available Facility-Level Data

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